Its name Quetta comes from Pushto language. This wild and dust Quetta is also the capital of Baluchistan. It is located at the altitude of 1700 meters in Shal Valley. Locals call it Shalkot. It is sort of an isolated region from the rest of country because of its geography, which is marked by stony deserts and mountains that ring it. Therefore, it appears different from the rest of country and rather displays Afghan colour. Toba Kakar Range separates it from Afghanistan. It is the Bolan Pass that showers it with great importance. The city area is 2653 square kilometres. Excavations here bear out that this area has housed people since prehistory period.
The elevation makes its climate more pleasant than larger parts of the country, which makes it a summer resort. In other words, its climate is healthy too. It can even snow in winter. When it snows on red copper mountains in winter, it blesses these mountains with a charming appeal. Similarly, autumn adds to its beauty when its leave put on golden colour that finally converts into the wild red.
Also, its climate being dry and temperate ensures better and superior yield of grapes, plums, pomegranates and so on. Tulips and Saffrons are cultivated commercially here. The forests here feature juniper and pistachio trees. Barley, maize, and wheat are important crops here. When it comes to handicrafts, there appear rugs, copper vessels, and silk embroidery. Horse breeding is very popular here. Pishin Lora River is one important source of irrigation.
The city centre is rather small can be explored on foot. Regarding merchandise there, carpets, onyx, and marble are worth mentioning. It is very easy to move in the city. You can explore the city even in a single day. The cheap and popular mode of transportation is auto-rickshaw. The ten kilometres far Hanna Lake is a must-visit place here. Its greenish-blue water, pine trees around the lake and the brownish-green hills in the background make it a feast for eyes. The Hazarganji Chiltan National Park at the altitude of 2,000 to 3,200 meters let you have a wonderful day. The presence of a small natural history museum adds glitter to gold.
The population is diverse. However, Pashtuns are in a dominating position. Hospitality is part of their culture. Saji, Kadi Kebab, Landhi, Pulao, Bolani, and Lamb Roast make up the traditional dishes here. Kawa, Sheer Chai, and Sharbat-e-Sanda are traditional drinks.