Peshawar means the city of flowers. It is a typical frontier town in Pakistan. It is this quality that creates the atmosphere of passion, interest and even danger around it. It is the atmosphere that works as a magnet for tourists.
Peshawar is located in a grand valley and adjacent to the Khyber Pass. This position earned it the reputation of a trading city and a launching pad for invading armies. The proximity to Khyber Pass gives it an Afghan tinge. Also, its economic outlook is rather linked to Kabul. Besides, Peshawar is capital and the largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Its elevation is 359 meters, and the total area is 485 square miles. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province itself is a diverse place from both geographic and ethnic perspectives.
The old city of Peshawar is one major and traditional attraction for both national and international tourists. It is rather a network of markets where the green tea is the order of the day. The air is loaded with enticing smell of kebabs, buzzing noise of male visitors and smoke of rickshaws. The lapse of centuries has hardly brought about any change in the old city part of Peshawar. As a result, you may take it for a scene of some American Wild West film.
The cantonment area is a colonial legacy and another attraction here. Its main features are its shaded churches, wide streets, army buildings, the Mall, Saddar Bazar and magnificent homes protected by high walls. The affluent University Town and Hayatabad are worth visiting parts of it. Hayatabad houses administrative setup as well. Although, Peshawar is conservative in character yet Cantonment, University Town, and Hayatabad localities portray the modern part of it.
For tourists, there are markets to explore, i.e., smugglers’ bazaar and Qissa Khawani Bazar. Peshawar Museum and Bala Hisar Fort are the typical examples of museum category of attractions. Mahabat Khan Mosque, Cunningham Clocktower, and All Saints Church are the fine examples of diverse architecture here. The climate here is classified as semi-arid that makes summer quite hot and leaves winters relatively cold. Winter starts from November and stays here until March. During this time temperature varies from 4 to 18.3 C. Regarding summer, its period is from mid-May to September. Rains visit Peshawar in both winter and summer. This city does not have any share in the Monsoon. Natives speak Hindko in the old part of the city while they speak Pashto in the modern part.